Strategic Plan


5 YEAR  ESSP Strategic Framework 2011-2015


Key strategic goals

1      Education Management capacity enhanced

2      Access to and equity in education increased


3      Relevance and quality of education improved

4      Education facilities strengthened and increased

5      Participation of principle duty bearers increased

Responsibility – abbreviations used

DFA          Directorate of Finance & Administration

DQAS       Directorate of Quality Assurance  Standards

DG             Director General

Dept.NFE  Dept of Non-Formal Education

DHR          Directorate of Human Resource

DPPR        Directorate of policy, Planning,& Research

DB&HE     Directorate of Basic &Higher Education

Dept.HE    Dept of Higher Education

Dept BE.    Dept of Basic Education

PEB        Puntland Examinations  Board

Other abbreviations

SEN        Special Education Needs

DEO       District Education  Officer

ECE        early childhood education

EMIS     Education Management Information System

REO       Regional Education Officer

TAC        Teachers Advisory Centres

PIE           Puntland Institute of Education

PEPP     Puntland Education Policy Paper

MoE       Ministry of Education



  Policy area

Key Strategic Goal


Indicative strategies/ activities


Estimated cost (US$)
1 Management of the education sector


      6.3  milion
1.1 Legal and regulatory framework







Puntland Education Act drafted for presentation to Parliament and enacted by 10/2011.

Act establishes right of access to education by 2012

Teachers recruitment, remuneration transfers, deployment promotions procedures put in place 2012.

Code of regulations, code of conduct and Ethics developed.

Draft the Education Act based on Constitution, Conventions, PEPP and, in consultation with all stakeholders.

Initiate implementing of regulations based on the Education Act.

Draft code of regulations , conduct and ethics  in reference to the Act.

Establish a teacher management division in the HR department charged with the registration, remuneration, and discipline of teachers.

Implement registration system for all institutions leading to full recognition









1.2 Partnerships: community, aid agencies, private sector

1, 5










Development partner implemented projects integrated into MOE from 2012

MOE progress and performance (including externally funded projects) reviewed and evaluated annually from  2012

Education sector budget captures funding from all stakekeholders

Develop monitoring plans for development partner implemented projects enabling MOE staff to learn directly from the projects and plan their integration.

Initiate annual reviews of progress against strategic plan and agency projects.

Establish coordinating committee for MOE,  with government line ministries and development partners. 


Develop a transparent financial management system for proper accountability


DPRC with all Depts













1.3 Education institutions and decentralisation .



















1, 4











School mapping and Atlas are upated

Studies and surveys on all school supplies, equipment and maintenance enhanced from 2012

MoE restructured into seven Directorates with functions and operations of each clearly spelt out.(DB &HE, DQAS,DHR,  DFA, TVET and Programmes, Non Formal Education  and DPPR all answerable to DG) From 2012

Stakeholders involved in the school Development planning (SDP) through micro-planning in compliant with available resources responsive to environmental challenges from 2012

Effective management of MoE Regional ,District and institutional organisations enhanced by mid 2012.

Staff appraisal systems put in place and promotions and training pegged on performance by end of 2012.


HR plan in place based on the HR needs of strategic plan implementation by 2012















Provide adequate trainings to REOs, DEOs, and institutional managers relevant to their roles and responsibilities.

Education management compartmentalization into Directorates implemented with each directorate establishing units, sections, divisions and departments delegated in various aspects and functions.

Employ contemporary approach of office management and provide appropriate IT equipments and give skill training on the use of modern technology to managers and their secretaries

Undertake HR and capacity analysis of strategic plan.

Develop staff performance review and reporting at all levels.














Develop networking and coordination mechanisms between departments.

Purchase vehicles to facilitate monitoring and evaluation of projects.































DHR with REOs


DHR with REOs





















1.4 Statistics, Information, Documentation


Basic EMIS system developed and functioning by 2013

Data collection system(instrument) improved by10/2011

Data collection process started by end of 2011

Data collected analysed for evidence-based policy and stored early 2012.

Training programme for MoE staff on the use of data introduced from 2012.

Computerised EMIS data systems introduced from mid 2012.

Introduce Develop and expand EMIS at all levels of Education management.


Train Planning Dept in analysing and using EMIS data for planning and monitoring.





1.5 Curricula and materials












Textbook policy determines future planning and production from 11/2011.

Quality, relevance, availability affordability and optimum  use of materials enhanced from2012.





Core set of languages reading materials available to all primary schools from 2012.

Develop textbook policy covering student/pupil-textbook ratio and roles of MOE and publishers in the policy document clearly spelt out.

Advocate for, Develop and implement plan for holistic and realistic curricula review and revision.

Develop/ implement  a MTEF for production, storage, and distribution of textbooks based on changes/emerging issues in revised curricula.

Update teachers on effective use, and storage and storage of textbooks.













1.6 Teacher education and development
















1, 3















2, 3



Teachers Education department established by 2012

teacher trainin is based on teacher demand and projection and short fall(2012).

teacher recruitment exercise and selection procedures are regularised

Professionalization of teaching service effected by 2012 .






Inservice and school based teacher development courses harmonised with pre-inservice TT ( 2012)


TTI(Primary) and Univsities(sec) are efficiently used to produce adequate numbers of teachers based on the demands for both sectors of education.

Technical tacher training college to be established to cater for TVET needs and demands. (2012)

Analyse Data on on teacher demand collected by EMIS section to determine


Develop appropriate selection critrea based on.regional balannce and qualification

Design holistic teacher education and development programme with a view to producing competent and dedicated professionals to enable them welcome future managers.

Strenghen inservice teacher training and school based teacher development (on job training ) to ensure that these teachers are at per with those pre-service counterpart.

Expand existing pre-service training facilities(all sectors) to cope with demands and expansion of education at all sectors























1.7 Examinations, certification











Existing examination body empowered and examination policy including certification developed by 8/2012


Examination harmonised throughout Puntland for proper certification at all levels of education including NFE by end of 2012

Examination body allocated funds in the government budget by mid 2012.

Establish continuous consultation mechanism  between exam body,, MoE, and examiners.

Develop exam  banking and moderation systems

Incorporate budget for secondary and primary examinations to supplement examinations fee paid by candidates.

Issue certificates in not less than a year after the official release of the results


Continue long-term technical assistance to provide training and capacity building for examiners



PIE and Dept. NFE











1.8 Inspection and supervision

1, 3






1, 3







3, 4

Directorate of Quality Assurance and standards established, policy on curriculum development; examinations and school/teacher supervision/inspection developed by end of 2011.

Directorate of QAS has overview of Quality education nationally by early 2012.

Intensive school/teacher inspection operationalised by early 2012

Teachers’ Advisory Centres are established and functional at  the district education offices by end of 2011




Draft policy on curriculum, examination and school/teacher supervision/inspection.

Establish QAS offices at regional and district levels for regular school supervision and inspections and reporting to national office on monthly basis

Allocate funds to regional and district education offices inform of A.I.E to cater for transportation and subsistence allowances

Establish TACs and deploy TAC tutors from among experienced and skilled headteachers.

Carryout needs assessment and develop and implement training programmes based and focusing on quality supervision/feedback.



















Pre-primary education


      0.5 million
2.1 Management of ECD


1, 2

Registration systems in place by  6/2012, leading to recognition and accreditation system by 2013. Undertake national situation assessment of ECE with Min of Religion and Endowments.

Plan and implement a registration system and later a full recognition system leading to eventual accreditation.

Dept. NFE  
2.2 ECD curriculum



Standardised intergrated secular and sacred curriculum and teaching materials in place by 8/2012. In consultation with Min of Religion and Endowments, develop,a trial intergrated sacred and secular curriculum and implement  based on relevant activities preparatory to entering primary education.

Develop and distribute ECE materials to pre-primary centres.

Dept.NFE with DQAS  
2.3 ECD teacher training



Feasibility of a teacher training programme conducted and potential teacher trainees with both sacred and secular education background identified for training by 9/2012. In consultation with Min of Religion and Endowments, undertake a study and analysis of the potential for funding and attracting candidates with secular and sacred background  for a teacher training programme. Dept.NFE,


2.4 Access to ECD


ECE programmes available nationally through Koranic schools from 1/2013. In consultation with Min of Religion and Endowments, promote introduction of ECE programmes in Koranic schools nationally. Dept.NFE  



Primary education


3.1 Teachers








1, 3

Funding is identified to cover salaries of all primary teachers in public schools  from  financial year 2012.




Majority of teachers have qualified status from 2013

Identify funding sources to suppliment MOE budge through, development partners,  to cover all teachers’ salaries.


Incorporate all primary teachers in public schools into the budget.

Grading of all qualified teachers basing the system on their academic qualification and strengthen existing pre-service and inservice teacher training programme.

Dept.BE with DFA and DHR





3.2 Enrolment

2, 4












2, 4


60% of primary aged children are enrolled by early 2013.









Gender parity addressed and all primary schools gender responsive by early 2012

Increase acess and retention in line MDGs and realise EFA strategy.


Undertake needs assessment (mapping) and develop a plan for school expansion and construction, to be negotiated with development partners and private sector.

Undertake a teacher supply and demand study and develop and implement a plan for recruiting and training 5000  teachersrs over  the next 5 years


Undertake a study of demand-side issues and Introduce free primary education and school feeding programme(through WFP) to increase access andGER.

Construct adequate toileting facilities in schools  separate for boys and girls and make provision of sanitary supplies and water storage facility.



Dept.BE with DFA




Dept. BE



Dept. BE



Dept BE, REOs









3.3 Educational materials


Textbook-pupil  ratio of 1:4 in all primary schools mid 2012. Through MoE budget and development partners identify fundings to raise textbook – pupil ratio from the existing status to 1;4 by mid 2012 PIE with Dept.BE and DQAS  



Secondary education


      10.5 million
4.1 Teachers







1, 3





Funding identified to cover to cover remunerations for all secondary schools teachers from  the financial year 2012

Majority of teachers teaching in secondary schools to have attained minimum qualification to teach in a secondary school and registered to practice his/her professionality by 2013



Proportion of female teachers  teaching in secondary schools raised through affirmative action and some appointed to head schools  by 2013

 Using MOE budget and development partners,

funding for the remuneration of secondary school teachers identified.

Upgrade all teachers to qualified teacher status and their terms references stated and payment of salaries pegged on their teaching grade.  .

Develop sensitisation campaign and offer scholarships for teacher training to girls.

Dept.HE with DFA and DHR









Dept.HE and DQAS

4.2 Facilities

2, 4

Plan  expansion for the sector to achieve increased access in secondary by-

a)       Expanding existing secondary schools,

b) identify areas where new secondary schools are to be built including girls schools only and putting into consideration the disadvantaged and the vulnerable communities by 9/2012




Undertake needs assessment (mapping) based on primary school output and develop a plan for school expansion and construction,.

Based on the needs assessment report construct fully equiped secondary schools including girls only schools nationwide to cater for the growing population of potential students

Dept.HE with REOs DEOs





Dept.HE with REOs, DEOs

4.3 Curriculum








Improved teaching and pedagogy adopted by all teachers from early 2012.


School visits , inspection and supervisions intensified 2012


Curriculum is more relevant to  economic development and labour market needs end of 2012

Develop a programme to review teaching methodologies inorder to equip teachers with the desired skills enable impart knowledge to their students inorder to reinforce positive learner-centred approaches.

Development of improvisation skills and teachers capacities to use available resources in their teaching to be incorporated in the teacher training programmes.

Review curriculum in terms of medium of instruction, harmonization and  relevance to  economic development and national labour market needs and make constant reviews

Intensify school/ teacher inspection for proper delivery of curriculum and make reports  and feedbacks..

PIE with DQAS and Dept.HE






4.4 Educational materials


Textbook-student ratio of 1:2 in all secondary schools from .mid 2012 Identify funding sources using MOE budge and, development partners to raise textbook-student ratio from its current status to 1;2 Dept.HE with PIE, DQAS  
4.5 Equity


Scholarship fund for high-performing girls providing bursaries . by end of 2011 Identify funding sources using MOE budget and , development partners, to enable high-performing girls with emphasis from the poor families  to attend secondary school. Dept.HE , DFA with DG  



Tertiary/higher education


      1.5 million
5.1 Management




1, 5

 Commission for Higher Education (CHE) responsible for policy formulation and implementation established by mid 2012.

Medium-term financing plan in place by early 2013

Establish a quasi-autonomous Commission for Higher Education with MOE and HEI representation and with a secretariat..

Develop financing plans clarifying co-financing partners.

DG with DeptHE


DeptHE with  DFA

5.2 Curriculum


Curriculum is more relevant to economic development and labour market needs by end of 2012 Review curriculum in terms of relevance to economic development and national labour market needs. Dept HE, DQAS  
5.3 Enrolment



Scholarship fund for high-performing girls providing bursaries from  end 2012. Identify funding sources using MOE budget and development partners to enable high-performing girls to attend universities. Dept.HE with DFA  



Technical/vocational education and training


TVET Policy and related labour market determimng investment and causes 2012     1.2 million
6.1 Management







1, 5

TVET institutions generate income to supplement allocation from the treasury to cover at least one quarters of costs by 2013.


Stakeholders forum on development of TVET functioning by 2013.

Review existing labour market surveys and develop policy and investment plans.


TVET training integrate training with production for markets and utilise funds for upgrading learning activities..

Organise forum with private sector and key line ministries to identify ways to develop and invest in TVET to identify ways to develop and invest in TVET. (cf 1.2)








6.2 Curriculum

3, 5

Relevance of training skills to economic development and labour market needst enhanced through  industrial sector/line ministries’ collaboration by 2013.


Network with industries to improve relevance of training.

Provide training opportunities which lead to  self-reliance andemployment.

Develop curricula relevant to individual and community development.

6.3 Enrolment












35% of post-primary and primary dropouts  enrolled in technical, vocational or professional programmes by early 2012.


Enrolment rates of girls, and of children from pastoral communities increase by 10% by early 2012


At least one vocational training centre offering flexible multi-trade programmes in each Region by 2013

Develop a plan and allocate financing to operationalise the existing technical centres .

Develop a plan to construct and rehabilitate workshops and train instructors.

Provide guidance and encouragement to girls on technical and vocational opportunities.

Introoduce an affirmative action to give special consideration to girls and other disadvantaged groups

Develop a plan and identify financing to establish a vocational training centre offering flexible programmes in each Region..

Dept.NFE with DQAS &PIE









Dept NFE with REOs and DEOs




Adult & non-formal education


      0.6 million
7.1 Management












National literacy policy developed by 2013

Management of Adult Education transfered to ministry of labour, sports and youth.

Awareness of NFE increased at all levels by mid 2012.

Review management of formal and non formal primary education including establishing new department of basic education and develop policy for integration

Develop national literacy policy and strategy.

Provide professional guidance and management skills to improve NFE at all levels to reduce illiteracy level by 10%

Initiate the complete transfer of Adult education department to ministry of labour, sport and youth.s

Dept.NFE and Dept. BE




Dept.NFE with DPPRC

Dept NFE with DHR


Dept.NFE with REOs &DEOs

7.2 Quality















Establish department of Adult education in the ministry of labour, sport and youth .

Harmonised Curricula for NFE developed by 2013

Production of Adult Education materials enhanced by 2013.

Pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes for NFE teachers available from 2013


Production of NFE appropriate learning and teaching materials available to all levels in all NFE centres by 2013.

Improve supervision, monitoring and evaluation capacity at all levels and develop a supervision system.

Develop and implement system of record keeping for NFE.


Provide training to selected curriculum development centre staff in NFE education materials production.

Design, and develop curriculum for Adult education with the support of MoE. .

Design TT programmes and train trainers for NFE, literacy  teacher education.

Distribute developed  materials to all centres.

Dept.NFE with Dept.BE


Dept.NFE with DQAS &PIE



Dept NFE with DQAS



Dept. NFE with DQAS


Dept. NFE with PIE


7.3 Participation



Development partners support NFE and Adult education in a coordinated way from end of 2012. Establish and regularise a coordinating mechanism with development partners for NFE and Adult education Dept. NFE  


8 Cross-cutting issues


      5.5 million
8.1 Gender


40% of primary school enrolment is female from 2013.

35% of secondary school is female by 2015.

30% of teachers in all sectors of  are female by 2015.

30% of employment opportunities are female by 2013.

All teachers demonstrate gender awareness from 2012

Strengthen existing  Gender Unit within MOE.

Develop and implement an awareness campaign, including religious leaders, community elders, and use of existing role models in various government department.

Integrate gender awareness training into all teacher training programmes

Reduce gender prejudices and stereotypes in schools.



Dept.BE with REOs &DEOs





8.2 Disadvantaged groups, pastoral & coastal, IDPs, OVCs

1, 4

















Expansion of the education system takes account of children in need of special care and protection from early 2013

Children of pastoralist families get access and equal opportunity in education by 2014.

Retention and completion, especially of girls, enhanced by .2013

Establish special orphanage homes for rehabilitation and schooling

Introduce Nomadic boarding schools near water points to cater for the education of the nomadic children


Introduce school feeding programmes.

Dept.NFE with REOs &DEOs



Dept. NFE with DFA , REOs DEOs

Dept. NFE with DFA , REOs & DEOs


Dept. NFE with DQAS

8.3 Life skills, health, HIV /AIDS, environment, peace and conflict resolution


Sustainability of teaching of life skills, health HIV/AIDS, environment, peace and conflict resolution Incorporate life skills, health, HIV/AIDS ,environment, peace and conflict resolution into sec. colleges, University curricula Dept. NFE with REOs & DEOs

Dept. NFE with









9,1 Management






9.2 SEN teacher training



9.3 SEN curriculum




9.4 Participation

     1 ,  4
















National Special Education Needs policy established by 9/2012


Special education needs (SEN) assessments and requirement carried out and identified by 7/2012

Placements of SEN pupils in SEN schools by 2013


Feasibility of training teachers ( for each type of disability)  conducted by 8/2012


Curricula for each disability and teaching materials and  developed by 2/2013



Development partners support SEN in a coordinated way by mid 2012

Develop SEN national policy aand guidelines.

SEN assessments centres to coordinate and identify SEN pupils in all regions established for possible placement.

Integrate SEN of manageable disabilities into ordinary primary schools while

programmes to build SEN schools are sort.


Train few already qualified primary teachers to acquire knowledge and assessment skills in SEN.

Develop curricula for all category of disabilities

Acquire and develop teaching- learnng materials

Identify, establish and regularise coordinating mechanism with development partners for SEN


DG with DQAS



3.6 million









  Total estimated cost

(all policy areas)






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