Facts and Figures of Education in Punt land 2009-2010


Key achievements for the last 3 years

¨ Harmonization of Secondary schools curriculum,

¨ Standardization and harmonization of Primary and Secondary Leavers exams.

¨   Examination and certification department  established

¨ Punt land Secondary Certificate are now being recognized by many countries.

¨  To enhance quality education and competition among students, 470 scholarships have been granted (Turkey, Sudan, Yemen, Ethiopia, Uganda, Russia and Islamic Bank.

¨  Exclusive Girls Scholarship for 180 for Primary, Secondary and University

¨  Punt land Education Fund(PEF)


  • Establishment of MOE printing Press.
  • 400 primary and secondary teachers have been added in the MOE payroll for the last 2 years
  •  Reform at different level of MOE is ongoing at central, regional and district levels (Replacement of REOs and DEOs)
  • Establishment of Directorate of Higher Education and Unit for Education of Children with Special Needs.
  • MOE Human Resource expanded to best deliver the services
  • Improvement of financial management and reporting to exercise more transparency and accountability
  • Teachers Code of conduct and school Rules and regulation  highlighting cross-cutting issues developed, disseminated  and introduced
  • Interim Education Plan- This was developed to be member of Global Partnership in Education (GPE).



q   The devolution of decision-making powers to the lowest levels of government authority.

q  Is the process of dispersing decision-making governance closer to the people and/ or citizens?

q  Delegation of decision making to the subunits of an organization.

q  Decentralized Governance:- the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the central government to subordinate.

q  Administrative Decentralization:-

q  Seeks to redistribute authority, responsibility, and financial resources.

q  Transfer of responsibility for the planning, financing and management functions from the central government to regional, district and Community level.

Decentralization as a Change:

q  Ministry of Education has chosen the path of decentralization as a way of bringing desired CHANGE

q  Empowers the population- men and women, boys and girls to participate in education and development activities that affect them.

q  The Education Act now under the process of enactment, the Education Sector Strategic Plan, and the Punt land Education Policy Paper Revised 2011 all recognizes the establishment of highly decentralized system of management of education through its agents REOs, DEOs, DEBs and CECs.

Case Study1: School Cons/Rehab Needs:

  •  Community Needs
  • Step 1
  • DEO
  • Step 2
  • REO
  • Step 3
  • HQ
  • Step 4
  • DG,HoD and REOs
  • For PP
  • Step 4
  • Moe advocacy & fund racing
  • Step 5

Case Study2. Learning Materials Needs Planning:

  •  Step 1
  • CECs/HT
  • Needs Plan
  • Step 2
  • DEOs
  • Compile Dist. Needs
  • Step 3
  • REOs
  • Compile Regional Needs
  • Step 4
  • HQ
  • Compile all needs
  • Step 5
  • Secure Funds and Procure
  • Sep 6
  • HQ/REOs
  • Distribution Plans

Case Study 3. School Census (EMIS:

  1. Moe Head Quarter Plan Census
  2. REO
  3. DEO
  4. Head Teacher

-Establish EMIS using top–bottom approach

-Plan from bottom using the available Info. In EMIS


q  Inadequate financial support to Regions, Districts and schools.

q  There is little hope for any major improvement in the public service through the devolved model

q  Low community awareness on planning from bottom and self-reliance.

q  Long dependence on government services

q  Personnel retentions remains a problem


Lessons learned:

¨  Community Participation in the initial Planning contributes to sustainability and ownership.

¨  Participatory Planning contributes transparency and trust.

¨  Participatory Planning enhances self confidence of individuals and communities.

Way Forward:

q  Identify areas of improvement and training needs of MOE staff at all levels

q   From training needs identified, design and conduct training

q   Review Ministry Organizational Structure

q   Review and implement ministry’s capability

q   Develop incentives to improve performance

q   Review management of schools

q   Review partnership with CEC and DEBs

q   Explore and implement ways for further cooperation with school community

q   Strengthen enforcement of compulsory Education Legislation

q   Provide training and support to improve QASO capabilities.

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