Somali-Canadians Mohamud Salah, left, and Abdi Farah Saeed, right,
(J.P. MOCZULSKI/FOR THE GLOBE AND MAIL)
Thursday, July 19, 2012
Canada must give young Somali Canadians more opportunities to succeed or they will remain at high risk of being recruited into extremist organizations and gangs, two ministers from the independent government of Puntland in northeastSomalia said.
The government ministers – both are Canadian and Somali – echoed concerns from within theTorontodiaspora that youth are turning to criminal activity because they lack job and education opportunities here.
“That’s bad for the Canadians, and bad for the Somali community,” said Mohamud Hagi Salah, minister of agriculture for Puntland. “So before it happens, they need to collaborate, the government and the parents. Parents need to watch their children and the government needs to come up with the programs.”
The government of Puntland declared autonomy fromSomalia in 1998, hoping to distance the region from the civil war raging further south. Mr. Salah and Abdi Farah Saeed, now the minister of education for Puntland, each moved from their homes inMississauga andMontreal to join the Puntland government several years ago.
About a third ofSomalia’s 10 million people live in the region.
Speaking with The Globe and Mail in advance of a Wednesday night presentation about their government’s work, the ministers called onCanadato be more pro-active in aiding bothSomaliaand the diaspora community. Mr. Saeed said Canadian-Somalis who were born inCanadaare at the greatest risk, because they’re often disconnected from their parents’ homeland and the society they grew up in.
“The second generation is lost. And that’s why you see some of them are joining the extremists, recruited from here, elsewhere, in the States andEurope,” he said. “I think that’s where the risk is, andCanadahas to focus on this.”
Canadashould also do more development and diplomatic work inSomalia, Mr. Saeed said, adding it would improve security for both countries. He said young people who are recruited to fight with al-Shabab may change their minds after they arrive – but have no place to turn to for help.
“If you have the foothold there, where you can reach Canadians always, you know even those who are lost in the system inSomalia, they always can contact that place,” Mr. Saeed said. “So if some are recruited to al-Shabab, they can reach [out]. It will be a contact.”
Life in southernSomaliais still very dangerous, the ministers said. But they believe the country can be rebuilt quickly – once security improves enough to draw some of the two million people in the diaspora back.
“It all depends on the security aspect. If the country gets better, security-wise, the people will go back. And I thinkSomaliawill be rebuilt very fast,” Mr. Saeed said.
In the meantime, he said he worries about the safety of some young people in the Somali-Canadian community.
Since 2005, at least 23 young Somali-Canadian men have died inAlberta. Some of those men moved fromTorontoandOttawain search of work in the oil fields, only to end up involved in the violent drug trade. Others, according to community members, were cases of mistaken identity or were simply in the wrong place at the wrong time.
And in recent months, three young men were shot and killed inTorontoin the span of just a few weeks.
The violence has taken a heavy toll on the Somali-Canadian community, which has been holding meetings and discussion groups to determine what they can do to help keep young people safe.
Some worried parents inCanadaare sending their children to the East African country out of fear they have become involved in criminal activity – a sign, the ministers said, thatCanadaneeds to ensure that better support is available here. “If Canadians were helping these children and having programs for them, the parents would never send them back. I think that’s what the Canadians are missing right now. “ Mr. Salah said
Source: Globe and Mail